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R-Type

From Sega Retro

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R-Type title.png
R-Type
Publisher: Sega
Developer:
System(s): Sega Master System, Virtual Console
Genre: Shoot-'em-Up






























Number of players: 1
Release Date RRP Code
Sega Master System
JP
¥5,800 G-1364
Sega Master System
US
$? 9002
Sega Master System
UK
£29.95[1] MK-9002-50
Sega Master System
FR
?F MK-9002-50
Sega Master System
DE
DM ? MK-9002-50
Sega Master System
ES
?Ptas MK-9002-50
Sega Master System
BR
R$? ?
Sega Master System
KR
₩? GB-4364



Wii Virtual Console
JP
500 pts ?
Wii Virtual Console
US
500 pts ?
Wii Virtual Console
EU
500 pts ?



R-Type is a critically acclaimed shoot-'em-up developed by Irem. Following its initial arcade release in 1987, the game was ported to a variety of home computers and consoles, including the Sega Master System in 1988; this version was ported without credit by Compile.


History

Legacy

The Master System version of R-Type was brought to the Wii's Virtual Console service in 2009. It is seen as an odd move, as a superior port to the TurboGrafx-16 had been available since 2006. This did not last long; it was removed from Virtual Console on 30 September 2011 in the US[2] and 18 October 2011 in Japan[3] presumably because Irem had been losing a lot of money at the time[4].

Versions

At the time of release, the Master System version of R-Type was one of the most accurate (and complete) home ports of the game and the easiest to get ahold of. It is technically superseded by the PC Engine version released earlier in the year in Japan, however in this instance, the game was split into two parts due to the cost needed to manufacture higher capacity HuCards, and would not come together as one product until 1989.

Sprites in the Master System version are smaller than their arcade counterparts (and are smaller too relative to the scenery), and when too many on-screen can lead to flickering and slowdown which is less apparent in its original form. Nevertheless virtually all the enemy patterns are retained, although the numbers are decreased in high volume areas for performance reasons. The level layouts are sometimes artifically lengthened or shortened to try and manage this workload further while balancing the differing sizes of the graphics.

Incidentally the PC Engine version's approach to the smaller screen resolution is to introduce vertical scrolling, ensuring part of the playfield is obscured at all times.

Bosses are fought against a solid colour background (echoed in other Master System shoot-'em-ups such as Fantasy Zone). Some graphical effects have also been removed; for example, when player shots hit scenery there is no longer an explosion or flash as is seen in the arcade original.

Hints

Magazine articles

Main article: R-Type/Magazine articles.

Promotional material

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<div style="width:Expression error: Unexpected < operator.px; padding-left:2px; padding-top:9px; padding-right:2px;">Print advert in
Computer & Video Games (UK) #90: "April 1989" (1989-03-16)
also published in:
  • Computer & Video Games (UK) #91: "May 1989" (1989-04-11)[5]
  • ACE (UK) #20: "May 1989" (1989-xx-xx)[6]
  • Computer & Video Games (UK) #92: "June 1989" (1989-05-16)[7]
  • ACE (UK) #21: "June 1989" (1989-xx-xx)[8]
</div>

Physical scans

Sega Retro Average 
Publication Score Source
81 №19, p60[1]
90 №26, p144[9]
84 №1, p69[10]
84 №4, p105[11]
91 №1, p60Media:TheCompleteGuideToSega UK.pdf[12]
87 №89, p95[13]
85 №7, p41[14]
85 №1, p81[15]
92 №7, p88-90[16]
91 №1, p135[17]
70 №2/21
91 №4
90 №15, p49
100 №23, p59
100 №46, p101[18]
96 №5, p63[19]
92 №9, p31[20]
90 Sega Pro
94 №59, p69[21]
Sega Master System
89
Based on
19 reviews

Master System, US
RType SMS US Box.jpg
Cover
Rtype sms us cart.jpg
Cart
Rtype sms us manual.pdf
Manual
AfterBurner SMS US Poster Back.jpgAfterBurner SMS US Poster Front.jpg
Poster
Master System, EU
RType SMS EU Box NoR.jpg
Cover
Master System, EU
® variant
RType SMS EU Box.jpg
Cover
Master System, JP
RType SMS JP Box Back.jpgNospine.pngRType SMS JP Box Front.jpg
Cover
RType SMS JP Cart.jpg
Cart
Master System, AU
R-Type SMS AU Cover.jpg
Cover
R-Type SMS AU Cart Top.jpg
R-Type SMS AU Cart Back.jpgR-Type SMS AU Cart Front.jpg
Cart
R-Type SMS AU Manual.pdf
Manual
Master System, BR
RType SMS BR Box.jpg
Cover
RType SMS BR Cart.jpg
Cart
RTypeSMSBrManual.pdf
Manual
Master System, KR

Master System, SE

Master System, SE (Rental)

External links

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NEC Retro has more information related to R-Type.

References