Golden Axe

From Sega Retro


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Golden Axe
GoldenAxe iOS icon.png
System(s): Sega System 16, Sega Mega Drive, Sega Master System, Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Commodore 64, DOS, iPhone, J2ME/BREW, PlayStation 3, Tapwave Zodiac, TurboGrafx-CD, Virtual Console, WonderSwan Color, Xbox Live Arcade, ZX Spectrum
Publisher: Sega
Commodore Amiga
Atari ST
Amstrad CPC
Commodore 64
IBM PC compatibles
ZX Spectrum
Virgin Games Template:TGCD Telnet Japan
Genre: Action

Number of players: 1-2
Release Date RRP Code
1989 ¥? ?
1989 $? ?
1989 £? ?
Bandai WonderSwan
2001 ¥? ?

Golden Axe (ゴールデンアックス) is a beat-'em-up developed by Sega and released in 1989 for Sega System 16 arcade hardware. The development team was headded by Makoto Uchida, who also led the team behind Altered Beast.

The game was the first in the long-running Golden Axe series. It is said to be heavily inspired by the Conan the Barbarian films, and that the game took roughly one year to make.


The game place takes in the fictional land of Yuria, in which an evil entity known as Death Adder has kidnapped Yuria's King and his daughter, holding them captive in his castle. Perhaps more importantly, Death Adder has stolen the "Golden Axe", a magical emblem of Yuria, and is threatening to destroy it if the people of the land do not accept him as their ruler.

It is up to a band of three heroes to venture to Death Adder's castle and stop him, rescuing the captives, avenge their losses and save the land:

Ax Battler, a male barbarian fighting to avenge the murder of his mother. Despite his name he uses a two handed broadsword and carries earth magic. Ax Battler is one of the constants of the series, appearing in most Golden Axe games (including Ax Battler: A Legend of Golden Axe, a game based entirely around him).

Tyris Flare, an amazonian woman whose parents were killed by Death Adder. She also uses a sword but carries fire magic.

Gilius Thunderhead, a dwarf whose brother was murdered by Death Adder. Gilius is the only character to actually carry an axe, as well as thunder magic.


Golden Axe supports a maximum of two players. Any character can be selected but both players cannot play as the same character.

The Golden Axe arcade cabinet assigns one button for attacking, another for jumping and a final button for using magic. Using magic will cause all of the enemies on screen to be damaged and effectively acts as crowd control. Each player carries a limited supply of magic (indicated by a meter at the top of the screen) and will use it all at once when the magic button is pressed. More magic can be collected by attacking the short thieves clothed in blue who appear at certain points throughout the game. Green thieves carry life energy, also represented in the HUD.

Golden Axe is also notable for its ability to allow players to ride "beasts", often giving them an offensive advantage at the expense of speed.

Similar to Altered Beast, the ending is less serious and has characters from the game breaking out of the arcade machine and causing havoc in the real world. Most ports replace this ending.

Sequels and Re-releases

Golden Axe has been ported to a number of systems over the years, though many cuts were made in the process.

The game has enjoyed many years of success on the Sega Mega Drive, and was used in the early days of the console to advertise the system's power over its then-main rival, the Nintendo Entertainment System. Some levels were shortened, but an extra level was added which includes another boss, "Doom Bringer". Also in this version is a "duel" mode, which allows players to fight a succession of enemies one-on-one.

The Mega Drive verison of the game has been included in numerous compilations, such as 6-Pak, Mega Games 2, Mega Games 6 and Mega Games 10. The game has also been emulated and sold in the form of Sega Smash Pack Volume 1, Sega PC Smash Pack, Sega Mega Drive Ultimate Collection, Sega Archives from USA Vol. 1 and Sega Mega Drive Classic Collection Volume 1, as well as services such as PlaySega and built-in to numerous consoles by AtGames.

This version was so popular that it got direct sequels in the form of Golden Axe II and Golden Axe III. In the arcades, the "true" sequel is Golden Axe: The Revenge of Death Adder. A Sega Mega-Tech version also exists, which is based on the Mega Drive version, as is the version released for the Wii's Virtual Console service.

The Mega Drive Golden Axe was enhanced for the Sega Mega CD and delivered as part of Sega Classics Arcade Collection. This version is single-player only, though offers numerous improvements in terms of audio and some graphical tweaks.

The Sega Master System version is also one-player only, forcing you to play as Ax Battler (named "Tarik"). Similar is the TurboGrafx-CD port, which takes a big hit in terms of aesthetics and is only single-player. Home computer ports were handled by Virgin Games and are considered to be respectible versions of the game. It was also ported to the WonderSwan Color and as part of Sega Smash Pack for the Game Boy Advance.

Golden Axe was also remade as part of Sega Ages 2500 Series Vol. 5: Golden Axe, and has been brought to Xbox Live Arcade, the PlayStation Network and is available for iOS and other mobile devices.

Production Credits

Arcade Version

Software Design: Takosuke, Moto Cbx1000, Ham Tak, Waka
Visual Effects: Kyonsy Kyonsy, Cane, Chisuke, Roco
Sound: Nankyoku, Decky, Imocky
Assistant Programmer: S2 , Yang Watt, Vinyl Boy
Producer: Kanako Kohyama
Director: BROS400
Assistant Director: Opa‑Opa
English Translation: Niya, Tsugu

Commodore 64 Version

Music: Joreon Tel
Sound Effects: Charles Deenen
Produced by Probe Software Ltd. 1990
Graphics, design and programming: Visual F.X. - Steve Crow, Mark Kelly
Copyright 1989, 1990 Sega Enterprises Ltd, Virgin Games Ltd, Probe Software Ltd


Mega Drive Version

Physical Scans

Sega Retro Average 
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System 16 Version


Mega Drive Version

Mega Drive, US
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Mega Drive, US (Sega Classic)
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Mega Drive, EU
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Mega Drive, JP
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Master System Version

Master System, US
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Master System, EU
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Master System, BR
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Amiga Version

Amiga, EU
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Commodore 64 Version

Commodore 64, US
GoldenAxe C64 US Box Front.jpg
Commodore 64, EU
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Golden Axe C64 EU Box Front.jpg

TurboGrafx-CD Version

TurboGrafx-CD, JP
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WonderSwan Color Version

WonderSwan Color, JP
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Golden Axe series of games
Golden Axe (1989) | Golden Axe: The Revenge of Death Adder (1992) | Golden Axe: The Duel (1994) | Golden Axe (slot machine) (2010)
Sega Mega Drive
Golden Axe (1989) | Golden Axe II (1991) | Golden Axe III (1993)
Sega Master System
Golden Axe (1989) | Golden Axe Warrior (1991)
Windows PC
Golden Axe (1990)
LCD handheld game
Electronic Golden Axe (1990)
Sega Game Gear
Ax Battler: A Legend of Golden Axe (1991)
Sega Saturn
Golden Axe: The Duel (1995)
Sony PlayStation 2
Sega Ages 2500 Series Vol. 5: Golden Axe (2003)
Xbox 360
Sony PlayStation 3
Golden Axe: Beast Rider (2008)
Google Android OS
Golden Axe (2009) | Golden Axe (2017)
Xbox Live Arcade
Sega Vintage Collection: Golden Axe (2012)
Golden Axed: A Cancelled Prototype (2020)
Golden Axe related media
Golden Axe The Music (2008) | Golden Axe I & II (2016)
Tatsujin & Golden Axe Attack Manual Book (1990) | Golden Axe (1992) | Golden Axe: Beast Rider Official Strategy Guide (2008) | The Art of Golden Axe: Beast Rider (2008)