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Frogger

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Frogger arcade title.png
Frogger
Publisher:
Arcade
Konami (JP), Sega (US/EU),
Sega Mega Drive
Majesco,
Atari 2600
Atari 5200
Atari 8-bit Family
ColecoVision
Commodore 64
Mattel Intellivision
Parker Brothers
Developer:
Distributor:
Atari 2600
Palitoy (UK), TI-99/4a Arcade Hardware (UK)
System(s): Arcade (Galaxian hardware), Sega Mega Drive, Apple II, Atari 2600, Atari 5200, Atari 8-bit family, ColecoVision, Commodore 64, Dragon 32, IBM PC, Intellivision, Macintosh, Odyssey², TI-99/4A, Timex Sinclair 1000, TRS-80, TRS-80 CoCo, VIC-20
Genre: Action































Number of players: 1-2 (alternating)
Release Date RRP Code
Arcade
World
1981  ?
Atari 2600
US
1982 $?  ?
Atari 2600
UK
1982 £29.95[1]  ?
Atari 2600
BR
1983 $?  ?
Atari 5200
US
1983 $?  ?
ColecoVision
US
1983 $?  ?
ColecoVision
EU
1983 £?  ?
Mattel Intellivision
US
1983 $?  ?
Mattel Intellivision
EU
1983 £29.95[2]  ?
Magnavox Odyssey²
US
1983 $?  ?
Magnavox Odyssey²
EU
1983 £?  ?
Magnavox Odyssey²
BR
1983 $?  ?
Sega Mega Drive
US
$? T-50901



Commodore 64
US (Cartridge)
$? ?
Apple II
US
$34.95[3] ?
Atari 8-bit Family
US (Cassette)
$? SRL 403
Atari 8-bit Family
US (Disk)
$? FRL 201
Commodore VIC-20
US
$? ?
TI-99/4a US $? ?
TI-99/4a UK £24.95[4] ?
IBM PC compatibles
US
$? ?
Dragon 32/64
UK
£8.00[5][6] ?
TRS-80 US $? ?
TRS-80 Color Computer US $? ?
Macintosh
US
$? ?
Timex Sinclair 1000
US
$? ?



Mega Drive title screen
Frogger (フロッガー) is a video game originally developed by Konami and released in 1981. It runs on Namco's Galaxian hardware, and was a huge success for the company during the early 1980s. It was also a huge success for Sega, who picked up publishing and distribution rights for the game in western territories.

Gameplay

The basic idea of the game is to move the frog across the road avoiding cars, then across the river making sure not to fall off platforms to get to one of five destinations. Once Frogger has got to all five destinations, the difficulty increases, often by making the game move faster, reducing the amount of time or adding new obstacles.

History

Legacy

Sega distributed three different arcade versions of Frogger, one of which ran on the modified version of the Galaxian hardware used by Nichibutsu's Moon Cresta.

Between 1982 and 1984, Frogger was brought to almost every home console and computer on general sale in North America, with every port licensed by Sega. The legal status surrounding these versions today is unknown - Konami took back the license from Sega in the mid-1990s and has subsequently produced many games under the Frogger brand - most, if not all Frogger games released in the 1980s (other than those Konami handled themselves, such as the MSX version) have been ignored.

ROM cartridge rights were picked up by Parker Brothers, who subsequently brought the game to all major consoles - the Atari 2600, Atari 5200, ColecoVision, Intellivision, Odyssey² and TI-99/4A, as well as some computers, including Atari's range of 8-bit home computers, the Commodore 64 and the Commodore VIC-20. Some versions also made it to Europe and Brazil.

Magnetic media rights were held by Sierra On-Line who distributed many of its versions under the short-lived SierraVision brand (with the title The Official Frogger). Sierra released its copies of the game at around the same period as Parker Brothers, with copies available for the Apple II, IBM PC, Macintosh, TRS-80 and TRS-80 CoCo computers. Curiously Sierra also released Atari 8-bit and Commodore 64 versions (on disk/cassette) which differ from Parker Brothers' efforts. Perhaps most notably is Sierra's Atari 2600 version, built to take advantage of the relatively obscure cassette-based Supercharger peripheral by Starpath - it is one of only twelve games officially released in this format.

Unofficial versions of Frogger exist for the BBC Micro and ZX Spectrum, though neither were officially licensed by Sega. Strangely an official copy did make it to the Dragon 32, however, in which Microdeal converted the TRS-80 version to that system. Multiple LCD and VFD versions of the game from the 1980s were also licensed by Sega (although more modern variants are licensed by Konami).

Sega never brought Frogger to any of its own consoles, however did give Parker Brothers the rights to produce a sequel, Frogger II: ThreeDeep!.

Following Konami's buy-back of the rights to Frogger, a licensing deal was struck with Hasbro Interactive, who in turn licensed out the franchise to Majesco for various home console versions. This led to a North American release of Frogger on the Sega Mega Drive in 1998 - the last Sega Mega Drive game to be released in in the region (and was a North American exclusive). Coincidentally Frogger was also the last SNES game to be released in that region, and marked the first opportunity for a Frogger game to be released on a Nintendo console. Both the Mega Drive and SNES copies of the game recycle box art from Frogger 3D, a three-dimensional sequel released a year earlier.

The Mega Drive version still holds the Sega copyright instead of a Konami copyright. It is unfortunately, however, a straight arcade port, with no enhanced graphics or sound, bar a new title screen. According to the programmer, he built the port by reverse-engineering the arcade version ROMs and comparing to an emulator (presumably MAME), using Genecyst to develop and test.

Plans for a Sega Game Gear version of Frogger were also put in place and was once set for release in the United Kingdom in November 1991[7], but the port was ultimately scrapped - it is rumoured that licensing issues caused this, though a working prototype of the game has since been found.

Gallery

Magazine articles

Main article: Frogger/Magazine articles.

Promotional material

{{|}}}}

CVG UK 024.pdf

PDF
Dragon 32 print advert in
Computer & Video Games (UK) #24: "October 1983" (1983-09-16)

Physical scans

Arcade version

Sega Retro Average 
Publication Score Source
90 №5, p6
Arcade
90
Based on
1 review

Arcade, US
Frogger Arcade US Marquee.jpg
Frogger Arcade US Manual.pdf
Manual

Mega Drive version

Mega Drive, US
Frogger MD US Box.jpg
Cover
Frogger MD US Cart.jpg
Cart

Apple II version

Apple II, US
Frogger AppleII US Box Front.jpg
Cover

Atari 2600 version

Sega Retro Average 
Publication Score Source
90 №3, p7
Atari 2600
90
Based on
1 review

Atari 2600, US
Frogger 2600 US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger 2600 US Box Front.jpg
Cover
Frogger 2600 US Cart.jpg
Cart
Frogger Atari 2600 US Manual.pdf
Manual
Atari 2600, US (alt)
Frogger 2600 US Box Back Alt.jpgNospine.pngFrogger 2600 US Box Front Alt.jpg
Cover
Atari 2600, US (Supercharger)
Frogger 2600 US Box Back Supercharger.jpgNospine.pngFrogger 2600 US Box Front Supercharger.jpg
Cover
Frogger 2600 US Cassette Supercharger B.jpgFrogger 2600 US Cassette Supercharger A.jpg
Cassette
Frogger 2600 US Box Cassette Supercharger.jpg
Cassette cover
Atari 2600, AU
Frogger 2600 AU Box.jpg
Cover
Atari 2600, DE

Frogger 2600 DE Cart.jpg
Cart
Atari 2600, BR
Frogger 2600 BR Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger 2600 BR Box Front.jpg
Cover
Atari 2600, CA

Atari 5200 version

Atari 5200, US
Frogger 5200 US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger 5200 US Box Front.jpg
Cover
Frogger 5200 US Cart.jpg
Cart
Frogger 5200 us manual.pdf
Manual
Frogger5200USOverlay.jpg
Overlay

Atari 8-bit Family version

Atari 8-bit family, US (cartridge)
Frogger Atari8Bit US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger Atari8Bit US Box Front.jpg
Cover
Frogger A8B US Cart.jpg
Cart
Atari 8-bit family, US (cassette)
Frogger A8B US Box Back Cassette.jpgNospine.pngFrogger A8B US Box Front Cassette.jpg
Cover
Frogger Atari8Bit US Manual CassetteDisk.jpg
Manual
Atari 8-bit family, US (disk)
Frogger Atari8Bit US Box Back Disk.jpgNospine.pngFrogger Atari8Bit US Box Front Disk.jpg
Cover
Frogger Atari8Bit US diskback.jpgFrogger Atari8Bit US Disk.jpg
Disk
Frogger Atari8Bit US Manual CassetteDisk.jpg
Manual
Atari 8-bit family, EU
Frogger A8B EU Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger Atari8Bit EU Box Front.jpg
Cover

ColecoVision version

ColecoVision, US
Frogger ColecoVision EU Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger ColecoVision EU Box Front.jpg
Cover

Commodore 64 version

Sega Retro Average 
Publication Score Source
100 №1983-11, p21[8]
Commodore 64
100
Based on
1 review

Commodore 64, US (cartridge)
Frogger C64 US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger C64 US Box Front.jpg
Cover
Frogger C64 US Cart.jpg
Cart
Commodore 64, US (disk)
Frogger C64 US Box Back Disk.jpgNospine.pngFrogger C64 US Box Front Disk.jpg
Cover
Commodore 64, US (disk) (alt)

DOS version

DOS, US
Frogger IBMPC US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger IBMPC US Box Front.jpg
Cover

Dragon 32 version

Sega Retro Average 
Publication Score Source
70 №25, p156[6]
Dragon 32/64
70
Based on
1 review

Dragon 32, UK
Frogger Dragon32 UK Box.jpg
Cover
Frogger Dragon32 UK Cassette.jpg
Cassette

Intellivision version

Intellivision, US
Frogger Intellivision US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger Intellivision US Box Front.jpg
Cover
Frogger Intellvision US Cart.jpg
Cart
Intellivision, EU
Frogger Intellivision EU Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger Intellivision EU Box Front.jpg
Cover
Intellivision, CA
Frogger Intellivision CA Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger Intellivision CA Box Front.jpg
Cover

Macintosh version

Macintosh, US

Odyssey² version

Odyssey², US

Odyssey², EU
Frogger Odyssey EU Box Top.jpg
Frogger Odyssey EU Box Back.jpgFrogger Odyssey EU Box Spine.jpgFrogger O2 EU Box Front.jpgFrogger Odyssey EU Box Spine2.jpg
Frogger Odyssey EU Box Bottom.jpg
Cover
Frogger Odyssey EU Cart.jpg
Cart
Odyssey², BR
Frogger O2 BR Box Front.jpg
Cover

TI-99/4A version

Sega Retro Average 
Publication Score Source
80 №47, p30[4]
TI-99/4a 80
Based on
1 review

TI-99/4A, US
Frogger TI994A US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger TI994A US Box Front.jpg
Cover

Timex Sinclair 1000 version

TS 1000, US
Frogger TS1000 US Box.jpg
Cover

TRS-80 version

TRS-80, US
Frogger TRS80 US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngFrogger TRS80 US Box.jpg
Cover

TRS-80 CoCo version

TRS-80 CoCo, UK?
Frogger TRS80CoCo UK Box.jpg
Cover

VIC-20 version

VIC-20, US

Technical information

ROM dump status

System Hash Size Build Date Source Comments
Sega Mega Drive
CRC32 ea2e48c0
MD5 a5ef16bf634e12cb959da662858bae94
SHA-1 c0ccfec43ea859ab1e83293a38cfb302c0191719
512kB 1998-09 Cartridge (US)

References

  1. File:TVGamer UK 02.pdf, page 27
  2. File:CVG UK BookofVideoGames.pdf, page 17
  3. File:CGW US 007.pdf, page 10
  4. 4.0 4.1 File:CVG UK 047.pdf, page 30
  5. File:CVG UK 024.pdf, page 112
  6. 6.0 6.1 File:CVG UK 025.pdf, page 156
  7. File:SegaPro UK 01.pdf, page 9
  8. File:ComputerInput NZ 1983-11.pdf, page 23


Frogger games for Sega systems and/or published by Sega
Frogger (tabletop) (1981) | Frogger II: Threeedeep! (1984) | Frogger 2: Swampy's Revenge (2000)