Segasa

From Sega Retro

https://segaretro.org/images/2/2c/Segasa_logo_3.png

Segasa logo 3.png
Segasa
Founded: 1968-03-25[1]
Defunct: 2006
Headquarters: Carretera (highway) Toledo, km 22.900[2], Apartado (P.O. Box) 16117, Parla, Madrid, Spain (1973-2006) formerly: Calle (street) Adela Balboa[3], No. 3, Madrid 20 (1968-1973)

Segasa (originally founded as Sega S.A., Service Games Sociedad Anónima[4]) was a Spanish amusement company established on March 25, 1968, by Sega Enterprises, Ltd.-related shareholders. It produced coin-operated amusement machines and pinball tables, which were the only coin-op equipment legally produced in Spain at the time.

History

The inside of Segasa's factory in 1987

Segasa was founded by Martin Bromley[5][6] and Bert Siegel[7][8][9][10] (Bertram Leroy Siegel[11], father of Lawrence David Siegel[12], President of Atari from 1987 to 1992, of Black Pearl Software from 1992 to 1993 and COO of THQ from 1993 to 1995) in 1968 as a means of producing arcade machines for the Spanish market. Despite sharing a similar name and being associated with Sega executives, Segasa is not thought to have ever been a subsidiary[13] of Sega in Japan or the US, but is thought to have manufactured and distributed Sega's products, with Japanese designs but with parts sourced from Europe. It also exported its own games, which may have been distributed by Sega in other regions.

In Franco's Spain, gambling games ("type B" games) were not permitted, meaning Segasa could not benefit from Sega's history of slot machines and other gambling products. This law was overturned in 1977[14] during Spain's transition to democracy.

In the mid-1970s, likely in conjunction with Sega changing its corporate logo, Segasa began trading as Sonic[15][16][17] (years before the invention of Sega's mascot, Sonic the Hedgehog), sometimes under the full title of Segasa d.b.a. Sonic (doing business as). It was during this time that Segasa signed distribution deals with other US and Japanese firms (such as Williams, Atari, Inc.[18] and even Nintendo[18]), bringing further titles to Spain. Seeburg would acquire a 50% stake in Segasa in 1973[19].

Segasa was also one of the few active video game companies operating in Spain that went out of its way to obtain official licensing agreements[18]. At the time, it was more common to see unauthorised bootleg arcade boards, and for many years these grey markets competed directly with Segasa. Initially attempts were made to localise games for a Spanish audience, though many later games were left as originally intended.

During the 1980s Segasa introduced the "Video Sonic"[20][21] concept - a standardised arcade cabinet with interchangable parts, allowing new arcade games to be hooked up without needless extra cost. By the 1990s virtually all game Spanish game production had ceased, with Segasa's main business being the importing and rebranding of arcade games for these Video Sonic cabinets.

In 1992 Sega, S.A. Sonic UK Design Ltd[22] a.ka. Sonic Games Limited[23][24] was established in Penarth, Wales, by Segasa's CEO and General Manager Eduardo Morales-Hermo and its long time friend, British game designer Ron Watts[25] (Ronald Arthur Watts), formerly of JPM Automatic Machines Ltd[26][27][28] (later JPM International[29]), as Segasa's game and software development subsidiary, which was a source for original game design and game software development for the International, UK and Spanish gaming markets. Sega, S.A. Sonic UK Design Ltd would be acquired in 2004[30] by the Novomatic Group of Companies (one of the global leaders in the international gaming industry, founded in 1980[31] by Austrian billionaire Johann Graf, in Gumpoldskirchen, Austria), becoming Astra Games Limited.

In 1994 Segasa became wholly owned by Spanish shareholders. As the decade drew to a close and more elaborate arcade cabinets were becoming more commonplace, Segasa moved into the gambling sector, but with the advent of the Euro[32] and due to fierce competition of rival companies, like Cirsa and Recreativos Franco the company was relegated to a modest third place, obtaining only 15% of the market[32], wenting into court-appointed receivership on March 2nd, 2005[33] with a debt of €371.920,59 before closing its doors in 2006.

Softography[34]

Electro-mechanical arcade

Pinball

Imported

  • Astro-Flite (Strato-Flite; Williams)
  • Baby Doll (Satin Doll; Williams)
  • Big Ben (Williams)
  • Casbah (Darling/Jubilee; Williams)
  • Gulfstream (Williams)
  • High Ace (Dealer's Choice/Lucky Ace; Williams)
  • Lucky Ace (Williams)
  • Spanish Eyes (Super Filte/Strato-Flite; Williams)
  • Star-Flite (Williams)
  • Storm (Flash; Williams)
  • Travel Time (Williams)
  • Triple Action (Williams)

Arcade

Imported

Photo gallery

Logos

External links

References

  1. http://www.segasa.es:80/sega/empresa.htm (Wayback Machine: 2001-02-05 05:50)
  2. File:SegasadbaSonic.jpg
  3. Cash Box, "July 4, 1970" (US; 1970-07-04), page 318
  4. http://blogpinball.blogspot.com/2016/07/segasa-sonic-desde-japon-hasta-parla.html
  5. Cash Box, "October 19, 1974" (US; 1974-10-19), page 91
  6. Game Machine, "xxxx xxxx" (JP; 1987-11-01), page 14
  7. Cash Box, "August 16, 1975" (US; 1975-08-16), page 45
  8. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-GbD-cdxiRG0/VVA1hoiruNI/AAAAAAAAEG8/vounLj2tIpA/s1600/power%2B1978.PNG
  9. Cash Box, "October 29, 1977" (US; 1977-10-29), page 59
  10. File:Fraud and Corruption in Management of Military Club Systems 1969 (United States Government Printing Office).pdf, page 1904
  11. File:Bert Siegel Letter to Charles Paul of Atari 1982-03-11.pdf, page 1
  12. File:TargetedMicrowaveSolutions Management Information Circular 2017-09-08.pdf, page 8
  13. Cash Box, "May 26, 1973" (US; 1973-05-26), page 51
  14. Azar, "Octubre 1985" (ES; 1985-xx-xx), page 43
  15. File:Trademark Sonic Ser Nº M1039416 1983-06-08 (World Intellectual Property Organization).pdf
  16. File:Trademark Sonic Ser Nº 74506605 1994-03-29 (World Intellectual Property Organization).pdf
  17. File:Trademark Sonic Ser Nº 000572404 1997-07-04 (European Union Intellectual Property Office).pdf
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 File:Micromania ES 016.pdf, page 31
  19. Cash Box, "December 29, 1973" (US; 1973-12-29), page 127
  20. Azar, "Septiembre 1985" (ES; 1985-xx-xx), page 10
  21. Azar, "Septiembre 1985" (ES; 1985-xx-xx), page 11
  22. File:AstraGamesLtd Annual Return (made up to 1999-04-14) 1999-04-16.pdf, page 7
  23. File:AstraGamesLtd Annual Return (made up to 1994-05-10) 1994-06-08.pdf, page 3
  24. File:Patent GB2281651A.pdf
  25. https://www.coinslot.co.uk/2018/12/17/jpm-astra-games-sega-uk/ (Wayback Machine: 2018-12-26 01:19)
  26. File:AstraGamesLtd Annual Return (made up to 1994-05-10) 1994-06-08.pdf, page 4
  27. Cash Box, "January 1, 1977" (US; 1977-01-01), page 35
  28. https://i.ebayimg.com/images/g/d4wAAOSwMl9aUFXC/s-l1600.jpg (Wayback Machine: 2019-01-30 12:06)
  29. http://www.jpm.co.uk/home/
  30. File:DiePresse DE 2004-09-23.pdf
  31. https://www.forbes.com/profile/johann-graf/#11a2ab772a88
  32. 32.0 32.1 Press Release: 2002-04-17: El fabricante de recreativos Sega suspende pagos por el euro
  33. File:Boletín Oficial del Registro Mercantil (2005-03-22).pdf
  34. File:Boletín Oficial de Castilla y León 2010-05-12.pdf, page 43