From Sega Retro


  • Mega Drive
  • Game Gear
Battletoads MD Title.png
Battletoads GG Title.png
System(s): Sega Mega Drive, Sega Game Gear
Publisher: Tradewest (US), Sega (EU/JP)
Licensor: Rare
Original system(s): NES
Developer(s) of original games: Rare
Sound driver:
Sega Mega Drive
Genre: Action[1][2][3][4][5]

Number of players:
Sega Mega Drive
Sega Game Gear
Release Date RRP Code
Sega Mega Drive
¥6,8006,800 G-4074
Sega Mega Drive
Sega Mega Drive
Sega Mega Drive
DM 119.95119.95[7]
Sega Mega Drive
Sega Mega Drive
Sega Mega Drive
Sega Mega Drive
Sega Game Gear
¥3,8003,800 G-3311
Sega Game Gear
Videogame Rating Council: GA
Sega Game Gear
Sega Game Gear
£29.9929.99[11] 2436

Battletoads (バトルトード) is a beat 'em up game developed by Rare. It was originally developed for the Nintendo Entertainment System and released in 1991, but was subsequently ported to more systems, including the Sega Mega Drive and the Sega Game Gear in 1993. A Sega Master System version was also announced by Virgin Games but was never released.

This game is the first in a series which thrived through the 8-bit and 16-bit era and its making its return in 2020. It is well known for it's difficulty and humorous reactions and attacks by the games characters.


As seen in the games intro, the Battletoads along with Princess Angelica are venturing to the Princesses home planet when one or two battletoads (one on Mega Drive, two on Game Gear) go missing along with a princess and must be rescued from the Dark Queen. Professor Bird sends the remaining Battletoad(s) to rescue them.


Two buttons are used; an attack button and a jump button. Although there is only one attack button, the attack varies based on situation. Certain objects, such as large snakes can be grabbed onto and climbed up or down. Weapons can be found at various points in levels and used against opponents. Capsules that appear occasionally can also be broken and it's contents collected. If flies are seen they can be eaten for a health boost by pressing the attack button when close enough.

There are also rope repelling levels where the objective is to be lowered down a shaft that is filled with obstacles and enemies. The enemies can be attacked but the obstacles must be dodged. By moving to the extreme side of the screen the player can transform into a wrecking ball and swing across the screen by pressing the attack button, wiping out any opponents in the way.

Vehicle levels are considered the most difficult and require quick reflexes. Depending on the level you will be in a variety of transports, such as a speedbike, a jet, and surfboards. Levels are filled with obstacles and other riders which cannot be attacked. Most vehicle levels allow you to jump and some have intermission sections that allow classic action gameplay.


There are twelve levels available in the Mega Drive version, nine in the Game Gear version. Below they are listed in the order encountered:

Notavailable.svg Ragnarok's Canyon
Notavailable.svg Wookie Hole (Impact Crater)
Notavailable.svg Turbo Tunnel
Notavailable.svg Arctic Caverns
Notavailable.svg Surf City
Notavailable.svg Karanth's Lair
Notavailable.svg Volkmire's Inferno
Notavailable.svg Intruder Excluder
Mega Drive exclusive
Notavailable.svg Terra Tubes
Mega Drive exclusive
Notavailable.svg Rat Race
Mega Drive exclusive
Notavailable.svg Clinger Wingers
Notavailable.svg The Revolution



A sequel to Battletoads, Battletoads in Battlemaniacs was released for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System in June 1993, with a port to the Sega Master System eventually appearing in Brazil in 1996. A spin-off, incorporating characters from the beat-'em-up series Double Dragon was also released on the Mega Drive as Battletoads/Double Dragon: The Ultimate Team, also in 1993.


Battletoads was designed as a NES game, and no subsequent port has included all of the content of the original release. The Game Gear port of the game removes three stages; Stage 8 (Intruder Excluder), Stage 9 (Terra Tubes), and Stage 10 (Rat Race), though their respective music tracks are still present in the game code. The remaining levels were redesigned, likely to take into account of the Game Gear's small screen.

Taking a hit by an enemy in action levels causes the player to be stunned, and the recovery time is much longer in the Game Gear version. Collision detection is also not as accurate, with in turn can make action stages harder. In vehicle levels however, it is possible to take more than one hit before losing a life, however obstacles appear instantly in some vehicle levels rather than blinking on the side of the screen before appearing.

Despite being supported by more powerful hardware, the Sega Mega Drive version also makes some cutbacks, lacking much of the opening sequence and cutting sections of the ending for unknown reasons. More layers of parallax scrolling have been added to the backgrounds, though in general the upgrade is less noticeable as, for example, the jump between NES Battletoads and SNES Battlemaniacs.

Magazine articles

Main article: Battletoads/Magazine articles.

Promotional material

Com 2001 advert FI 3.jpg

FI print advert


Mega Drive print advert in Sega Visions (US) #11: "February/March 1993" (199x-xx-xx)


Print advert in GamePro (US) #46: "May 1993" (1993-xx-xx)


Game Gear print advert in Todo Sega (ES) #14: "Mayo 1994" (1994-xx-xx)


Print advert in Beep! MegaDrive (JP) #1994-02: "February 1994" (1994-01-08)

Physical scans

Mega Drive version

Sega Retro Average 
Publication Score Source
70 [12]
53 [13]
94 [14]
86 [8]
79 [15]
83 [16]
76 №17, p42
78 [17]
75 №1993-06, p39
79 №10, p42-43
75 №8, p54-55
87 №1, p43
90 [18]
80 №17, p64-66
79 [19]
88 №32, p86-87
87 №43, p38-40
39 №20, p53
90 №6, p20-22
58 [20]
Sega Mega Drive
Based on
20 reviews

Mega Drive, JP
Battletoads MD JP Box.jpg
Battletoads MD JP CartTop.jpg
Battletoads MD JP Cart.jpg
Mega Drive, US
Battletoads MD US Box.jpg
Battletoads MD US Cart.jpg
Battletoads MD US Manual.pdf
Mega Drive, EU
Battletoads MD EU Box.jpg
Battletoads MD EU Cart.jpg
Mega Drive, FR

Battletoads MD FR Manual.pdf
Mega Drive, FR (Blister pack)
Battletoads MD FR blister front.jpg
Mega Drive, AU
Battletoads MD AU back.jpgNospine.pngBattletoads MD AU cover.jpg
Battletoads MD AU cartback.jpgBattletoads MD AU cart.jpg
Mega Drive, BR
Battletoads MD BR Box.jpg
Battletoads MD BR Cart.jpg
Battletoads md br manual.pdf
Mega Drive, Asia
Battletoads MD AS Box.jpg
Battletoads MD AS Cart.jpg

Game Gear version

Sega Retro Average 
Publication Score Source
60 [11]
73 [21]
85 [22]
80 [23]
90 [24]
89 [25]
87 [26]
76 №53, p42-43
73 №33, p40-41
85 №11, p18
Sega Game Gear
Based on
10 reviews

Game Gear, JP
Battletoads GG JP Box Back.jpgNospine-small.pngBattletoads GG JP Box.jpg
Battletoads GG JP Cart.jpg
Game Gear, US
Battletoads GG US Box Back.jpgNospine.pngBattletoads GG US Box Front Alt.jpg
Battletoads GG US Cart.jpg
Battletoads GG US Manual.pdf
Game Gear, EU
Battletoads GG EU back.jpgNospine.pngBattletoads GG EU Box Front.jpg
Battletoads GG EU Cart.jpg

Technical information

ROM dump status

System Hash Size Build Date Source Comments
Sega Mega Drive
CRC32 d10e103a
MD5 f1e299d6eb40e3ecec6460d96e1e4dc9
SHA-1 5ef3c29b6bdd04d24552ab200d0530f647afdb08
512kB 1992-12 Cartridge (US/EU/JP)
Sega Game Gear
CRC32 cb3cd075
MD5 2b4eb4c0fddd1753daac8fd8e043e883
SHA-1 77a284b993c6f60652d88468b836d7a2ee7b4600
256kB Cartridge (JP/EU)
Sega Game Gear
CRC32 817cc0ca
MD5 643536bfaf945e8fa8a22de8d4653d83
SHA-1 f566a19d1cfd5c20d5b91b396f29323be2209911
256kB Cartridge (US)


  1. File:Battletoads GG JP Box.jpg
  2. File:Battletoads GG EU back.jpg
  3. 3.0 3.1 (Wayback Machine: 2018-12-07 04:57)
  4. File:Battletoads MD JP Box.jpg
  5. 5.0 5.1 (Wayback Machine: 2020-07-20 09:51)
  6. GamePro, "April 1993" (US; 1993-xx-xx), page 45
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Sega Magazin, "September/Oktober 1993" (DE; 1993-09-01), page 53
  8. 8.0 8.1 Computer & Video Games, "May 1993" (UK; 1993-04-15), page 47
  9. MegaTech, "May 1993" (UK; 1993-04-23), page 64
  10. GamePro, "February 1994" (US; 199x-xx-xx), page 150
  11. 11.0 11.1 Computer & Video Games, "May 1994" (UK; 1994-04-15), page 85
  12. Beep! MegaDrive, "May 1993" (JP; 1993-04-08), page 21 (23)
  13. Sega Saturn Magazine, "September 1995" (JP; 1995-08-08), page 87
  14. Consoles +, "Juin 1993" (FR; 1993-0x-xx), page 126-128 (114)
  15. Mean Machines: The Essential Sega Guide, "" (UK; 1993-11-18), page 26
  16. GamePro, "April 1993" (US; 1993-xx-xx), page 40-41 (44)
  17. GamesMaster, "May 1993" (UK; 1993-04-19), page 68-69 (68)
  18. Mega Force, "Juin 1993" (FR; 1993-0x-xx), page 92-93 (92)
  19. Mean Machines Sega, "May 1993" (UK; 1993-04-24), page 70-72 (70)
  20. Sega Force, "May 1993" (UK; 1993-04-01), page 96-98 (96)
  21. Electronic Gaming Monthly, "December 1993" (US; 1993-xx-xx), page 54 (55)
  22. GamePro, "February 1994" (US; 199x-xx-xx), page 148 (150)
  23. Joypad, "Mars 1994" (FR; 1994-0x-xx), page 130
  24. Mega Force, "Ete 1993" (FR; 1993-0x-xx), page 136-137 (136)
  25. Mean Machines Sega, "May 1994" (UK; 1994-03-xx), page 78-79 (79)
  26. Player One, "Mars 1994" (FR; 1994-0x-xx), page 110

Battletoads MD Title.png

Main page | Comparisons | Maps | Magazine articles | Reception | Region coding

Battletoads games for Sega systems
Sega Mega Drive
Battletoads (1993) | Battletoads/Double Dragon: The Ultimate Team (1993)
Sega Game Gear
Battletoads (1993) | Battletoads in Battlemaniacs (Cancelled)
Sega Master System
Battletoads (Cancelled) | Battletoads in Battlemaniacs (1996)